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Old Hybrid Tea
"These crosses between Chinas, Bourbons, Noisettes, and the old European sorts
(Gallicas, etc.) were made initially as an attempt to deal with the lack of hardiness of
these new sorts with R. chinensis background. The outcome was quite varied. The results
are not absolutely clear, because offspring close to the, say, Gallica parent would be
sold as a Gallica, and offspring close to the, say, China parent would find itself sold as
a China; thus, many of these hybrids, produced in the 1820's and 1830's primarily,
masquerade as something they are not genetically. The important thing, however, is that,
due to the laws of genetics, almost the entirety of these are once-bloomers--but often
blooming that one time a season with the most extreme profusion and beautiful fragrant
flowers. The plants are most often climber-like and of the most extreme vigor, frequently
heavily foliated. Novices and others must be careful to distinguish between
(once-blooming) Hybrid Chinas and (repeat-blooming) China hybrids; (once-blooming) Hybrid
Bourbons and (repeat-blooming) Bourbon hybrids; (once-blooming) Hybrid Noisettes and
(repeat-blooming) Noisette hybrids. `George IV', `Belle de Crecy', `Duchesse de
Montebello', `Mme. Plantier', `Triomphe de Laffay', `Comtesse de Lacepede', `Las-Cases',
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